Inspired by early career research (Enos and Constant [a.k.a., Constantopoulos], 1976 ), conceptualized during mid-career teaching and service (Christofilopoulou, 1998 ), and created upon recognition of its diagnostic approach by a leading medical school (Craver, 2008 ), non-profit Intercontinental Open University was founded in 2009, and focuses on communication training of health care providers.
Jewish historian, Flavius Josephus, portrays Pontius Pilate, Roman military governor, or procurator, of the imperial province of Judea from 26 to 36, as a harsh administrator who fails to understand the religious convictions and national pride of the Jews. Though he had complete judicial authority over all non-Roman citizens, many cases, particularly those relating to religious matters, were decided by the Sanhedrin, the Jewish supreme council and tribunal.
Gospel accounts relate that after the Sanhedrin, lacking authority to impose the death penalty, finds Jesus guilty of blasphemy, it commits Him to the Roman court. Pilate refuses to approve the judgment without an investigation. The Jewish priests further accuse Jesus, and Pilate questions Him privately. Impressed with the dignity and frankness of Jesus' answers, Pilate tries to save Him but succumbs to two blind spots: Failure to understand his constituency, and fear of an uprising within it.
Pilate accedes to the demands of the populace, and Jesus is executed.
Welcome to Intercontinental Open University.
Cicero reminds us that "the life of the dead consists in the recollection cherished of them by the living." . How, in anticipation of the inevitable, is this to be personified by a health care provider in a palliative setting? It is in the spirit of answering this question, which I confess that I continue to ask myself , that our undergraduate endorsement, graduate certification, and postgraduate accreditation programs train health care providers to engage a patient purposefully, readying them to care just as appropriately for those having been left behind as for those prior to their having moved on.
If you would like to offer assistance to such aspiring health care providers, on the road to meet the calling but without the financial resources to get there, then please do consider helping them with a donation. Thank you.
Assisted by committed health care providers from throughout the world, Intercontinental Open University, a member of both the US-based Global Palliative Care Quality Alliance and the UK-based Worldwide Hospice Palliative Care Alliance , operates in the person of its founding president, an inaugural member of the Society for Spirituality, Theology and Health . The Center for Spirituality, Theology and Health , instrumental in establishing the Society, is based in the Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development at the Duke University School of Medicine , accredited regionally by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges , and professionally by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education .
"Failure to understand" a patient, coupled with "fear of an uprising" in that patient, undermine quality care by disabling health care provider communication, causing it to become dysfunctional instead of enabling it to be functional . With the groundwork (Constantopoulos, 1999, p. vi, vii, 2, 22 and 99 ) having been laid some twenty years ago, Pilate Syndrome™ (Constantopoulos, 2008 ) is now identifiable, and can be understood as a Heartalk™ bifotype (n.b., the "bi" from "bias", and the "fo" from "focus"), by using the paired comparison equivalent of a global positioning system, the Heartalk™ protocol , alpha-tested in primary care facilities, beta-tested in pastoral settings, then unveiled in 2008 at the 1st Annual Meeting of the Society for Spirituality, Theology and Health at the Duke University School of Medicine.
Recognized through the Duke Health Profile , and initially externalized as a communicator style (cf. Norton and Pettegrew, 1977 ), Pilate Syndrome™ is diagnosed using the Heartalk™ protocol, which allows for instinctive end-user reactions to forced-choice, biaxial, dependent variable alternatives of varied light intensity, examined in terms of of biological chemistry by Constantopoulos and Bloch (1967 ), with each option signifying a fractional inclination for conveying communication relationality, examined by O'Connor, Davis and Abernethy (2010 ), within an exigence, examined by Bitzer (1968, p. 6 ), he having dovetailed it off of Aristotle (350 BCE , Part 2, Sentence 1), thereby reconfirming systemic interdependence of vision and hearing to be the key to preparation and readiness, examined by Duke University neuroscientists . If, after risk assessment, that style is anticipated to result in disabled communication, then the disorder can be reordered in the appropriate manner . Thus, with a structure and a metabolism that are, so Palade emphasizes (1963, p. 614 ), two aspects of the same set of phenomenon, Pilate Syndrome™ proves to be not as much a "response" to them as it is a reaction to them, one that can be relieved and reversed, given, as reflected by one of four communicator styles, the variables and messages of the CARE Quad™ (Constantopoulos, 2016 ).
Intercontinental Open University's undergraduate endorsement program, open to anyone as defined by KRS 216.935(4)(c) , is the "Endorsement in Palliative Care" diploma, earned after one intensive quarter, that is thirteen intensive weeks, of monitored candidate interaction with patients being treated at a university-approved medical facility, or with residents being tended within a home environment. The program requires a 120-question, 30-minute, multiple-choice test at the three-week mark, a 90-minute, single-question, comprehensive written examination at the six-week mark, and a 3-hour, peer-reviewed, face-to-face capstone encounter at the twelve-week mark, successful completion of which qualifies the candidate to use the post-nominal letters "EPC" (Endorsement in Palliative Care). Tuition, all-inclusive and non-refundable, is €1,665, payable in euro only, and payable in twelve equal weekly installments of €138.75 each, with the first installment payable within one week after acceptance into the program, and the second through twelfth installments, inclusive, payable at weekly intervals over the ensuing eleven weeks following the date of initial payment.Certification
Intercontinental Open University's graduate certification program is the non-coursework, research-based, "Certification in Palliative Care" diploma, earned subsequent to double-blind peer review of a 12,000-word to 18,000-word monograph focusing on any single aspect of the candidate’s interest within palliative care, and which thereafter must be presented at a public venue of the university's choice within six months of completion. Tuition, all-inclusive and non-refundable, is €2,400, payable in euro only, and payable in twenty-four equal weekly installments of €100.00 each, with the first installment payable within one week after acceptance into the program, and the second through twenty-fourth installments, inclusive, payable at weekly intervals over the ensuing twenty-three weeks following the date of initial payment.Accreditation
Intercontinental Open University's postgraduate accreditation program is the doctoral level "Accreditation in Palliative Care" diploma, that being either the Doctor of Humane Letters (L.H.D.), earned for any exceptional creative work, the Doctor of Humane Letters (L.H.D.), earned for any exceptional scholarly work, or the Doctor of Science (Sc.D.), earned for any exceptional scientific work or contribution to the field. Tuition, all-inclusive and non-refundable, is €3,300, payable in euro only, half of which is payable within ten days after acceptance into the program, with the remaining half being payable within ninety days following the date of initial payment.
Intercontinental Open University is led by recognized speech communication expert, Constantine A. Constantopoulos, Ph.D., through whose University of Michigan doctoral advisor, Loren LaMont Okey, Ph.D. (1909-1987) , is the academic grandchild of the creator of America's first-ever university speech department, Thomas Clarkson Trueblood .
George C. Constantopoulos, Ph.D. (1923-2018) , of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, and, while at Harvard University, lead author for 1964 Nobel Laureate, Konrad E. Bloch, co-served as President (honoris causa) from 2011 to 2018, with Heublein corporate executive, Nickas C. Constant (1926-2007), A.D., having served, in light of his over three decades of successful experience within the area , as Director of Grants and Scholarships throughout the university's planning and development stage.
Congratulations to the newest team members among us, Linda Elaine Vogt Turner from Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada), awarded the Doctor of Humane Arts degree on June 27, 2017, and Michael Frangogiannis from Galatas, Peloponnese (Greece), awarded the Doctor of Science degree on October 1, 2017, as well as to a soon-to-be team member in the making, Vanta-Vassiliki Kyriakou, from Thessaloniki, Greece, who will be commencing an interdisciplinary Doctor of Letters program in May 2019.
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