Research, clinical care, and education from Duke Health
Established in 2009, non-profit Intercontinental Open University, functioning online as the Institute for Open Understanding, focuses on advancing palliative communication by eliminating Pilate Syndrome™ .
Jewish historian, Flavius Josephus, portrays Pontius Pilate, Roman military governor, or procurator, of the imperial province of Judea from 26 to 36, as a harsh administrator who fails to understand the religious convictions and national pride of the Jews. Though he had complete judicial authority over all non-Roman citizens, many cases, particularly those relating to religious matters, were decided by the Sanhedrin, the Jewish supreme council and tribunal. Gospel accounts relate that after the Sanhedrin, lacking authority to impose the death penalty, finds Jesus guilty of blasphemy, it commits Him to the Roman court. Pilate refuses to approve the judgment without an investigation. The Jewish priests further accuse Jesus, and Pilate questions Him privately. Impressed with the dignity and frankness of Jesus' answers, Pilate tries to save Him but succumbs to two blind spots: Failure to understand his constituency, and fear of an uprising within it. He accedes to the demands of the populace, and Jesus is executed.
Thus shown to have resulted in death by default, Pilate Syndrome™ negatively affects a caregiver's ability to communicate, increasing the risk of patient death by default. To counter this, the university offers a Certificate in Palliative Communication and an honoris causa Higher Doctorate in Palliative Communication , thereby exemplifying the World Health Organization's definition of palliative care and, in so doing, addressing the future of health care . Acknowledged by top-ranked Duke University School of Medicine , the university is an institutional member of the U.K.-based Worldwide Hospice Palliative Care Alliance , and its president is an individual member of the U.S.-based Global Palliative Care Quality Alliance .
Welcome to Intercontinental Open University, or, as it has come to be known online, the Institute for Open Understanding, of the Society for Spirituality, Theology and Health.
According to the National Institute on Aging, end-of-life care "is the term used to describe the support and medical care given during the time surrounding death.” . This implies a delineated perimeter outside of which support and medical care are given during what supposely is "surrounding" it. Yet time does not surround death. It exists alongside death. Not subject to time, end-of-life care is not an experience constrained by some fixed duration. As time is timeless, so too is end-of-life care timeless. Only in terms of timelessness can end-of-life care be defined correctly, be engaged appropriately, and be understood for what it is: an undying presence among the dying. What is this timelessness that a caregiver is to personify? How is it to be expressed? How is it to be communicated?
In answering these questions, our Certificate and honoris causa Higher Doctorate programs prepare future caregivers to act upon those answers. Is your calling to be there for those dying and alone? I invite you to learn from us. Is your calling to be there for those who have that calling but who are not able to respond to it because of financial difficulties? Then I ask that you please consider offering a monetary gift to help them. Thank you.
With best wishes,
Constantine A. Constantopoulos, Ph.D.
President and Distinguished Clinical Professor of Communication
Intercontinental Open University operates in the person of its President, an inaugural member of the Society for Spirituality, Theology and Health . Its Center , instrumental in establishing the Society, is based in the Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development at the Duke University School of Medicine, accredited regionally by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges , and professionally by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education .
Pilate Syndrome™, "failure to understand" a patient coupled with "fear of an uprising" in that patient, undermine end-of-life care by disabling the palliative communication of a caregiver, causing it to become dysfunctional, as opposed to enabling it and empowering it to become functional. With Constantopoulos (1999, p. vi, vii, 2, 22 and 99 [cf. Gardner ] ) having laid the initial groundwork for assessment of such a risk, and with Bachner and Carmel (2009, p. 530 ) having drawn attention to that risk, Pilate Syndrome™ now can be identified in terms of style, and can be assessed in terms of that risk, by using the paired comparison equivalent of a global positioning system, created and developed by the former, presented by him in 2008 at the 1st Annual Meeting of the Society for Spirituality, Theology and Health at the Duke University School of Medicine, and both alpha-tested by him in primary care facilities for five years, then beta-tested by him in a variety of pastoral settings for ten years.
Predisposed to underlying conditions outlined by the Duke Health Profile , and externalized as a communicator style (cf. Norton and Pettegrew, 1977 ), Pilate Syndrome™ is diagnosed using Heartalk™ , allowing for instinctive end-user reactions to forced-choice, biaxial, dependent variable alternatives of varied light intensity, originally examined from the perspective of biological chemistry by Constantopoulos and Bloch (1967 ), each option signifying a fractional inclination for conveying palliative communication relationality, examined by O'Connor, Davis and Abernethy (2010 ), to an exigence, examined by Bitzer (1968, p. 6 ), he having dovetailed it off of Aristotle (350 BCE , Part 2, Sentence 1), thereby reconfirming systemic interdependence of vision and hearing to be the key to preparation and readiness, examined by Duke University neuroscientists . If, after risk assessment, that style is anticipated to result in disabled palliative communication, then the disorder can be reordered in the appropriate manner . Thus, with a structure and a metabolism that are, so Palade (1963, p. 614 ) emphasizes, two aspects of the same set of phenomenon, Pilate Syndrome™ proves to be not as much a "response" to them as it is a reaction to them, one that can be relieved and reversed.
The university's flagship, and its sole academic, program is the honoris causa Higher Doctorate in Palliative Communication. The Doctor of Humane Arts (D.H.A.) for creative work, the Doctor of Letters (Litt.D.) for scholarly work, or the Doctor of Science (Sc.D.) for scientific work is conferred throughout the calendar year subsequent to double-blind peer review. Tuition is negotiable, all-inclusive, non-refundable, and payable in euro only. One half is payable within ten days of acceptance into the program, and the other half is payable thirty days prior the scheduled date of the double-blind peer review.
The university's sole vocational program is the Certificate in Palliative Communication, following one calendar quarter of monitored candidate interaction with patients or residents at an approved medical facility or in a home environment, and further requiring, at the candidate's choice, a 120-question, 30-minute multiple-choice test, or a 2-hour, single-question, comprehensive written examination, or a 90-minute, peer-reviewed, face-to-face capstone encounter. Tuition is negotiable, all-inclusive, non-refundable, and payable in euro only. It is payable in three equal monthly installments, with the first installment due within ten days of acceptance into the program, and the second and third installments due within thirty and sixty days, respectively, from the date of payment of the first installment.
Intercontinental Open University is led by globally recognized communication specialist, Constantine A. Constantopoulos, Ph.D. , President and Distinguished Clinical Professor of Communication. From 2011 to 2018, founding director, George C. Constantopoulos (1923-2018), Ph.D., of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (Retired), and lead author for 1964 Nobel Laureate, Konrad E. Bloch, served as President (honoris causa), with Nickas C. Constant (1926-2007), A.D., having served as Director Emeritus of Grants and Scholarships .
Congratulations to the newest leaders among us: Linda Elaine Vogt Turner from Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada), awarded the Doctor of Humane Arts degree on June 27, 2017, and Michael Frangogiannis from Galatas, Peloponnese (Greece), awarded the Doctor of Science degree on October 1, 2017.
Intercontinental Open University
190 13 Saronida
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