Inspired by early research (Enos and Constantopoulos [a.k.a., Constant], 1976 ), conceptualized through teaching and service (Christofilopoulou, 1998 ), and grounded on recognition of its diagnostic approach by a leading medical school (Craver, 2008 ), Intercontinental Open University, a non-profit corporation operating through the priesthood of its founder, was established in January 2009 and focuses on improving palliative communication among healthcare (cf. World Health Organization, 1946 ) professionals qualifying under KRS 216.935(4)(c) .
At its core, improving palliative communication hinges upon the elimination of Pilate Syndrome™.
Jewish historian, Flavius Josephus, portrays Pontius Pilate, Roman military governor, or procurator, of the imperial province of Judea from 26 to 36, as a harsh administrator who fails to understand the religious convictions and national pride of the Jews. Though he had complete judicial authority over all non-Roman citizens, many cases, particularly those relating to religious matters, were decided by the Sanhedrin, the Jewish supreme council and tribunal.
Gospel accounts relate that after the Sanhedrin, lacking authority to impose the death penalty, finds Jesus guilty of blasphemy, it commits Him to the Roman court. Pilate refuses to approve the judgment without an investigation. The Jewish priests further accuse Jesus, and Pilate questions Him privately. Impressed with the dignity and frankness of Jesus' answers, Pilate tries to save Him but succumbs to two blind spots: Failure to understand his constituency, and fear of an uprising within it.
Pilate accedes to the demands of the populace, and Jesus is executed. His crucifixion is the direct result of Pilate Syndrome™.
"Failure to understand" a "constituency", coupled with "fear of an uprising" within it, undermines quality interaction between the one offering comfort and the one intended to be receiving it, with this interdependent pair disabling palliative communication, the very foundation of supportive care. By example, and not implying exclusivity of the hospital environment, it causes palliative communication not to function as opposed to enabling it to function , thus killing it. With its interactive rhetorical groundwork having been laid out over twenty years ago (Constantopoulos, 1999 ), rooted in specialized doctoral training in group communication, oral interpretation, and rhetoric undergone nearly a quarter century earlier, Pilate Syndrome™ (Constantopoulos, 2008 ) now can be identified and understood as a Heartalk™ bifotype – the "bi" from "bias", and the "fo" from "focus" – by using the paired comparison equivalent of a global positioning system, the Heartalk™ protocol , alpha-tested in primary care facilities, beta-tested in pastoral settings, and unveiled in 2008 at the 1st Annual Meeting of the Society for Spirituality, Theology and Health at the Duke University School of Medicine.
Recognized through the Duke Health Profile , and initially externalized as a communicator style (cf. Norton and Pettegrew, 1977 ), Pilate Syndrome™ is diagnosed using this protocol, which allows for instinctive end-user reactions to forced-choice, biaxial, dependent variable alternatives of varied light intensity, examined in terms of of biological chemistry by Constantopoulos and Bloch (1967 ), with each option signifying a fractional inclination for conveying communication relationality, examined by O'Connor, Davis and Abernethy (2010 ), within an exigence, examined by Bitzer (1968, p. 6 ), he having dovetailed it off of Aristotle (350 BCE , Part 2, Sentence 1), thereby reconfirming systemic interdependence of vision and hearing to be the key to preparation and readiness, examined by Duke University neuroscientists .
If, after risk assessment, that style is anticipated to result in disabled communication, then this disorder can be reordered, and in the appropriate manner . Thus, with a structure and a metabolism that are, so Palade emphasizes (1963, p. 614 ), two aspects of the same set of phenomenon, Pilate Syndrome™ proves to be not as much a "response" to them as it is a reaction to them, one that can be relieved and reversed, given, as reflected by one of four communicator styles, the variables and messages of the CARE Quad™ (Constantopoulos, 2016 ).
Endorsement in palliative communication is awarded following twelve weeks of monitored interaction with children, adolescents, or adults in a university-approved setting. It requires a 15-minute, 60-question, true-false test at three weeks, a 30-minute, 120-question, multiple-choice test at six weeks, a 60-minute, single-question, comprehensive written examination at nine weeks, and a 2-hour, double-blind peer reviewed, face-to-face capstone encounter at twelve weeks. Successful completion of the program authorizes the candidate's use of the corresponding post-nominal letters "EPC", entitles the candidate to the corresponding digital badge, and designates the candidate as an "Associate" of the institution.Certification in Palliative Communication
Certification in palliative communication is awarded following submission, within two weeks of commencing the program, of a double-blind peer reviewed 15,000-word reaction paper focusing on interaction with children, adolescents, or adults in a university-approved setting. It also requires, within one month of submission, its presentation at a public venue of the university's choice. Successful completion of the program authorizes the candidate's use of the corresponding post-nominal letters "CPC", entitles the candidate to the corresponding digital badge, and designates the candidate as a "Specialist" of the institution.Accreditation in Palliative Communication
Accreditation in palliative communication is awarded at the sole discretion of the university subsequent to verified and confirmed interaction with children, adolescents, or adults in a university-approved setting. It requires a 3-hour, open access Q&A held at a public venue of the university's choice. Successful completion of the program authorizes the candidate's use of the corresponding post-nominal letters "APC", entitles the candidate to the corresponding digital badge, and designates the candidate as an "Expert" of the institution. This designation presupposes the audience's unanimous decision with respect to the candidate's knowledge as evidenced by answers to the questions it has posed and/or by responses to the comments it has made. Moreover, it also presupposes evidence of distinction reflecting the Doctor of Humane Letters, the Doctor of Letters, or the Doctor of Science degree, traditionally conferred honoris causa for exceptional creative, scholarly, or scientific work, respectively. At the sole discretion of the president of the university, one of the referenced degrees also may be awarded; that is, as a higher doctorate or post-doctoral degree.
Intercontinental Open University is an "environment", a metaphorical definition of the word "university" in Modern Greek , correspondingly translated into English . Operating exclusively through the priesthood of its founding president, it thus is accredited as a pastoral outreach by the Orthodox Church. The Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development , one of whose Social and Behavioral Research centers is the Center for Spirituality, Theology and Health , instrumental in establishing the Society for Spirituality, Theology and Health, of which the university is an inaugural member , is part of the Duke University School of Medicine , accredited regionally by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges and professionally by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education . A member of the U.S.-based Global Palliative Care Quality Alliance and the U.K.-based Worldwide Hospice Palliative Care Alliance – thus the use of "intercontinental" in its name – the university is recognized professionally in and by both countries.
Intercontinental Open University is led by prominent palliative communication authority, an Orthodox priest reporting to His Eminence Metropolitan Nicholas , the Very Rev. Fr. Constantine A. Constantopoulos, Ph.D., through whose University of Michigan doctoral advisor, Loren LaMont Okey, Ph.D. (1909-1987), is the academic grandchild of the creator of America's first-ever university speech department, Thomas Clarkson Trueblood .
George C. Constantopoulos, Ph.D. (1923-2018) , esteemed biochemist of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, and, while at Harvard University, lead author for 1964 Nobel Laureate, Konrad E. Bloch , co-served as President (honoris causa) from 2011 to 2016, with distinguished Heublein corporate executive, Nickas C. Constant (1926-2007), A.D., having served, in light of his over three decades of successful experience within the area , as Director of Grants and Scholarships throughout the university's planning and development stage, and leading bacteriologist, Stamatia Constantopoulos, M.D. (1928-2013), of the Washington DC VA Medical Center , and formerly of Suburban Hospital of John Hopkins Medicine , having served as chief medical consultant from 2011 to 2012.
Congratulations to our newest faculty members as of November 1, 2019:
Michael Frangoyannis (D.Sc., Intercontinental Open University) appointed Professor of Practice in the Healing Arts
Linda Elaine Vogt Turner (D.H.A., Intercontinental Open University) appointed Professor of Practice in Creative Writing
Rev. Fr. Constantine Angelo Constantopoulos
Intercontinental Open University
Linda Elaine Vogt Turner
Intercontinental Open University
Marcus Tullius Cicero reminds us that "the life of the dead consists in the recollection cherished of them by the living." . How, in anticipation of the inevitable, is this to be personified by allied healthcare professionals in palliative settings, with such not being limited to medical treatment contexts, but also including any and all social millieux wherein others could stand to benefit from effective communication that is palliative in nature?
It is in the spirit of answering this question, which I continue to ask myself , that our vocationally focused undergraduate-equivalent endorsement, graduate-equivalent certification, and postgraduate-equivalent accreditation programs prepare allied healthcare professionals to engage children, adolescents, and adults purposefully, readying them to communicate palliatively just as appropriately with those having been left behind, irrespective of whichever the situation and whatever the circumstances, as with those prior to having moved on.
If you would like to offer assistance to such aspiring allied healthcare professionals, on the road to meet this calling but without the financial resources to reach it, then please do consider helping them with a donation. On their behalf, I thank you.
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